Improve productivity By Method Study:
Process of Method Study:
Improve productivity By Time Study:
Costing: By knowing how long it takes to perform a job, the total time and cost for manufacturing a product can be determined. Determine sales price.
Manpower Planning: By knowing how many units one person can produce it can be determined how many people are needed to produce a given volume.
Machine Requirements: The number of machines required can be determined by knowing the output from one machine.
Production Planning: Time study enables us to measure the capacity of a plant to produce. Decision as to how much volume to load into a plant can be made
Process of Time Study:
Industrial engineers use decimal minute stopwatches which read in:
1 minute = 100 centiminutes
Observe the job and break it into Elements.
Rate each element by comparing with the accepted standard
Use the stopwatch to time the each element
Raw Element Time
Average the observed element times
Average Element Time
Multiply the average element time with rating (2 X 4)
Elements Basic Time
Add the basic time for all elements for operation (å 5)
Operations Basic Time
Add Personal and Fatigue (P & F) allowance and Machine Delay allowance
STANDARD TIME (SAM)
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